‘In the circular bio-society, informed citizens choose more sustainable means to live and acknowledge and benefit from a bioeconomic societal model. Biobased products and services are both competitive in price and performance with their fossil-based counterparts. The EU is the global hub for bio-based industrial investment and the international reference point for the circular bioeconomy. More specifically, food, renewable products and energy for our communities are provided in a sustainable manner.’
In short, this is the new vision that fifteen parties from the European bio-economy are jointly presenting this month under the leadership of the Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC). “This is not just a vision of the industry,” says Dirk Carrez, Executive Director of BIC
In short, this is the new vision The circular bio-society in 2050 (pdf) that fifteen parties from the European bio-economy are jointly presenting this month under the leadership of the Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC). “This is not just a vision of the industry,” says Dirk Carrez, Executive Director of BIC Dirk Carrez . “It is a joint vision of multiple sectors and that is unique.”
Time for renewal
It is time for renewal, Carrez states. “Within the European Horizon 2020 innovation program, we have set up the Bio-based Industries Consortium and the Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking six years ago: a public-private partnership that invests millions in major research and demonstration projects. That agreement is coming to an end next year, when the successor to Horizon 2020 will start: Horizon Europe.”
It is not the intention to continue ‘business as usual’ within the new program, but to go a step further and see how more sectors can be involved. “Because if one thing has become visible in the last six years, then it is the importance of bringing together different industrial sectors and working together in value chains: from agriculture and forestry through processing to raw materials, chemicals, manufacturing and trade up to and including market actors and the end user, the consumer.”
All these sectors bring their own perspective and are often in a different phase of the transition to biobased. “For example, agriculture focuses on the efficient production of food and the generation of a good income, while today the industry mostly focuses on making biobased products from non-food biomass. We bring those two worlds together. It is no longer about food or non-food, but about how we can valorise all components from a certain crop, so that a zero-waste process is created.
”For farmers, this means that they can not only find income from the production of food, but also from the supply of renewable feedstock for chemicals and materials. In addition, there is a growing interest from the industry in extracting proteins and carbohydrates from side and residual flows. Carrez: “Partnerships within and between sectors are therefore very important. By entering into a dialogue, we can jointly ensure that everyone benefits, both economically, socially and in terms of the environment.”
One step further is the stimulation and creation of markets for biobased products. “This is only possible by also involving the end of the value chain in our activities: the end users or consumers. We are already seeing increasing participation from brand owners who want to market biobased products. This indicates a growing market demand. We must therefore jointly determine which biobased products are already on the market, for which products there is a demand and why. There is no ready-made answer. Young people may find a green environment important. Other consumers are interested in the types of material, or the biodegradability. This differs per sector, per application, per product and per consumer group. Within BIC or a possible next partnership within Horizon Europe, we therefore want to set up methods to improve communication with consumers.
The Vision will serve as the framework for the development of a Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SIRA), which will form the basis of a new public-private partnership on bio-based solutions under Horizon Europe (2021-2027). The SIRA will be an important tool to realise and implement the Vision with all involved stakeholders (primary producers, industry, academia, the EU and society at large).
The first step in this direction is to set up workgroups in which the stakeholders work together on a new partnership. “With broader support and more sectors around the table, hopefully in the future we can set up value chains within Europe faster than before, leading to economic growth but also contributing to the climate,” says Carrez. “Moreover, where we often talk today about qualitative contributions that projects can make to the realization of certain SDGs, we must also measure that quantitatively in the next five to ten years. It is therefore necessary that we take one step further as an industry and cooperate with a number of NGOs which develop standards for proper measurement. This is important so that we as an industry can substantiate our claims.”
- The intention is to transit from a fossil-based economy to a bio-based economy. ‘Decarbonisation‘ cannot be used to describe this transition because ‘biomass’ is also made from carbon. There’s no atomic difference between “bio-carbon” and “fossil-carbon”. The only difference is its age. So let’s be selective in the source of carbon that we use.
- Is this the good approach? Would China and US do the same? Is Europe ahead of its time or is it, as Columbus described it in 1492, an old continent ?
- There’s an intention and there’s movement but will it be enough? Europeans want more sustainability but are they ready to pay for it? Will Europeans put sustainability above purchasing power?
- Isn’t there a paradox? The EU is on one hand subsidising this public-private partnership but on the other hand did not make an exception for bio-based products in the Single Use Plastic (SUP) directive. Is this inefficiency, inconsistency or is this just democracy?
- The journey will be long, difficult and uncertain, and many questions will remain unanswered. But there’s one thing you can be sure of….you’ll read about it on bioplasticnews.com .
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This article was published on www.agro-chemistry.com and written by Pierre Gielen in cooperation with the Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC)