Biodegradation & Compostation R&D and Innovations US

Americans Create Paper-Based Green Bio-Batteries

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York have created a biodegradable, paper-based battery.

The biobattery is made of paper and engineered polymers (poly amic acid and poly pyromellitic dianhydride-p-phenylenediamine) and is called the Green Biobattery. The batteries biodegrade in water and their biodegradation doesn’t require special facilities, conditions or introduction of other microorganisms.

The biobatteries are light-weight, easy to produce, low-cost, flexible and more efficient than previous models.  Another innovation: Power enhancement can be achieved by folding or stacking the hybrid, flexible paper-polymer devices.

The paper-based Green Biobattery was invented by associate Professor Seokheun “Sean” Choi from the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and Professor Omowunmi Sadik from the Chemistry Department worked on the paper-based battery. Choi made the design and Sadik created the self-sustaining biobattery.

Associate Professor Seokheun “Sean” Choi from the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department said:

“There’s been a dramatic increase in electronic waste and this may be an excellent way to start reducing that. Our hybrid paper battery exhibited a much higher power-to-cost ratio than all previously reported paper-based microbial batteries.”

The research paper, titled “Green Biobatteries: Hybrid Paper-Polymer Microbial Fuel Cells,” was published in Advanced Sustainable Systems. The work was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation and done through the Center for Research in Advanced Sensing Technologies and Environmental Sustainability (CREATES).

paper biodegradable biobatteries
Associate Professor Seokheun “Sean” Choi (left) and Professor Omowunmi Sadik (right).

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