PFAS Politics & Legislation

Summary of All PFAS Policies in the US

63 Current Policies in 18 States. US citizens have been systematically exposed to PFAS for several decades through intentional dumping of chemicals while the company had knowledge of the health risks.

Highly fluorinated chemicals, or PFAS, are prized by manufacturers for their grease- and water-proofing properties, and the chemical industry is constantly searching for new applications.

While convenient, PFAS exposure causes liver and kidney cancer, decreased fertility, increase incidents of thyroid problems, and decrease immune response to vaccines in children.

Residents of the Ohio River Valley in West Virginia were systematically exposed to PFAS for several decades through intentional dumping of chemicals by DuPont while the company had knowledge of the health risks.

Similar stories play out across the nation, such as 3M’s pollution of drinking water in Minnesota and high incidences of cancer resulting from fouled water in Hoosick Falls, NY.

Here’s the list

US PFAS policies

California

  • PFAS
    • AB 841: Requires the state to develop a workplan to determine select PFAS to test for risks to human health.
  • Formaldehyde ,Lead, Mercury, Triclosan, PFAS, Heavy Metals, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • AB 495: Bans the use of 20 chemicals in cosmetics.

Connecticut

  • Food Packaging , PFAS
    • HB 5910 / SB 78: Prohibits the use of PFAS in firefighting foam and food packaging.

Florida

  • PFAS
    • SB 998: Requires entities who discharge PFAS to report discharges to the Department of Environmental Protection.
  • Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, PFAS
    • SB 1330: Requires reporting of discharges of PFOA and PFOS.

Iowa

  • Food Packaging, PFAS
  • Toxic Flame Retardants, Food Packaging, PFAS
    • HF 775: Prohibits the sale of upholstered furniture containing toxic flame retardants; prohibits the manufacture and sale of class B firefighting foam, food packaging, and firefighter protective equipment containing PFAS chemicals; prohibits the discharge and use of PFAS-containing foam for training purposes; and requires the Department of Health to conduct a 1-year study into non-PFAS alternatives for food packaging.

Kentucky

  • PFAS
    • SB 104: Prohibits the use of firefighting foam containing PFAS for training purposes.

Maine

  • PFAS
    • LD 1836 / SP 621: Earmarks $15 million for cleanup of uncontrolled hazardous substances including PFAS chemicals.

Massachusetts

  • Food Packaging , PFAS
    • SD 678: Prohibits the manufacture and sale of food packaging containing PFAS chemicals.
  • PFAS
    • SD 1784: Requires manufacturers of firefighter equipment to disclose to purchasers if the equipment contains PFAS chemicals and why PFAS was included.
  • Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, Toxic Chemicals General, Toxic Flame Retardants , PFAS , Heavy Metals, BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic , Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • HD 400 / SD 1518: Establishes a framework for creating a list of chemicals of concern, requires manufacturers to disclose the inclusion of those chemicals of concern in children’s products.
  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • HD 3750: Bans the use of PFAS in food packaging.
  •  PFAS
    • H 3661: Requires manufacturers of firefighting protective equipment containing PFAS to label their products as such; prohibits the sale of firefighting protective equipment containing PFAS.
  • PFAS
    • H 3851 / SD 2429: Establishes an inter-agency PFAS task force to review and investigate water and ground contamination of PFAS.

Michigan

  • PFAS
    • SB 14: Sets Maximum Contaminant Levels for PFOA and PFOS in drinking water of 5 ppt.
  • PFAS
    • HB4389: Requires discharges of PFAS-containing firefighting foam to be reported to the state. Establishes a take-back program for PFAS foams.
  • PFAS
    • HB4390: Prohibits the use of firefighting foam containing PFAS for training exercises.
  • PFAS
    • HB6186: Prohibits the use of firefighting foam containing PFAS for training purposes.

Minnesota

  • Toxic Flame Retardants , PFAS
    • SF 321 / HF 359: Bans manufacture and sale of halogenated, phosphorus-based, nitrogen-based, and nanoscale flame retardants in residential upholstered furniture, children’s products, and residential and business textiles. Prohibits the manufacture and sale of PFAS-containing firefighting foam.
  • PFAS
    • HF 603 / SF 518: Commissions the University of Minnesota to conduct a review of health studies and other research related to exposure to PFAS.
  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • HF 2595 / SF 2088: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and distribution of food packaging containing PFAS.

New Hampshire

  • PFAS
    • HB 737 / LSR 617: Establishes a commission to investigate and analyze the environmental and public health impacts relating to releases of perfluorinated chemicals in the air, soil, and groundwater in Merrimack, Bedford and Litchfield.
  • PFAS
    • HB 691: Requires blood testing for certain individuals exposed to perfluorinated chemicals in private or public water supplies.
  • PFAS
    • SB 287: Requires the State to adopt Maximum Contaminant Levels for PFOA, PFOS, PFNA, and PFHxS in drinking water, not to exceed 20ppt combined.
  • Toxic Chemicals General, toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS, Heavy Metals, BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • HB 661: Sets strict liability provisions for companies that release toxic chemicals, and creates provisions for companies to pay for medical monitoring of individuals exposed to toxic chemicals.

New Jersey

  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • A 5099 / S 2879: Directs DEP to study and, if necessary, regulate perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in food packaging.
  • Formaldehyde, PFAS
    • ACR 131: Urges the state Department of Environmental Protection to adopt drinking water standards for several chemicals, including formaldehyde and PFNA
  • Cadmium, Formaldehyde, Lead, Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, Mercury, Toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS, Heavy Metals, BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • S4026: Prohibits the sale of children’s products containing dangerous chemicals, requires reporting of chemicals of concern and dangerous chemicals included in children’s products.

New York

  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • A 4739 / S 2000: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and distribution for use of food packaging containing PFAS chemicals.
  • PFAS, Heavy Metals, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • S 1646: Adds PFOA, PFOS, and hexavalent chromium to list of chemicals of concern.
  • PFAS
    • A 445 / S 439: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and distribution for use of firefighting foam containing PFAS.
  • PFAS
    • S 773: Directs the Department of Health to establish maximum levels for PFAS chemicals in public drinking water.
  • Lead, Mercury, Toxic Chemicals General, Toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS, BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic , Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • S 1108: Establishes a purchasing framework to prioritize avoiding toxic substances in future State purchases.
  • PFAS
    • A 2004A / S 1504A: Allocates funds for the State University of New York at Stony Brook to provide for a new laboratory testing facility for PFOA and other chemicals.
  • Cadmium, Formaldehyde, Lead , Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, Mercury , Toxic Flame Retardants , PFAS , Heavy Metals , BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • A 6926: Prohibits the manufacture and sale of children’s products containing many different chemicals; and creates a framework for adding additional chemicals to lists either banning sale or requiring disclosure of chemical inclusion.
  • Cadmium, Formaldehyde , Lead , Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out , Mercury , Toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS, Heavy Metals, BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • A6296 / S501: Requires manufacturers of children’s products containing dangerous chemicals to notify the state and retailers; bans the sale of children’s products containing dangerous chemicals.
  • Cadmium, Lead, Mercury , Toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS, Heavy Metals , BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic, Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • A 7876: Prohibits the sale of pet products containing any of a large list of priority chemicals.
  • PFAS
    • A 7839: Adds 6 PFAS to a list of emerging contaminants.

North Carolina

  • PFAS
    • SB 518: Establishes a PFAS task force responsible for surveying PFAS contamination in North Carolina, including identifying polluters, conducting biomonitoring studies, establishing maximum health limits for PFAS, and providing clean water to contaminated communities.
  • Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, PFAS
    • H 560 / S 655: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and use of firefighting foams containing PFAS. Requires firefighter protective equipment containing PFAS to be labeled as such.

Pennsylvania

  • PFAS
    • PB 675: Amends definition of “hazardous substance” for purposes of cleanup to include PFOA and PFOS at levels above EPA’s health advisory.
  • PFAS
    • HB 674: Sets maximum drinking water contaminant levels for Perfluorooctane and PFOA of 5 parts per trillion.
  • PFAS
    • HB1226: Amends the definition of hazardous waste to include PFAS chemicals for the purposes of cleanup of hazardous sites.
  • Toxic Chemicals General, PFAS
    • SB 582: Classifies PFAS as a hazardous substance for purposes of cleaning up hazardous sites.
  • PFAS
    • SB 581: Creates maximum contaminant levels for PFAS in drinking water of 10ppt.
  • PFAS
    • HB 1364: Adds PFAS to a list of hazardous substances for purposes of cleanup.
  • PFAS
    • HB1410: Creates remediation fund for customers of water utilities financially impacted by PFAS contamination related to military installations.

Rhode Island

  • Food Packaging , PFAS
    • SB 2018: Prohibits the manufacture and sale of food packaging containing PFAS chemicals.
      Rhode Island
  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • HB 5565 / SB218: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and distribution of food packaging containing PFAS.
  • Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out, Toxic Flame Retardants, PFAS , Heavy Metals , BPA, Phthalates, and Chemicals Used in Plastic , Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • HB 5826: Requires manufacturers of personal care products to submit to the State a full list of ingredients for their products, including chemicals of concern.
  • PFAS
    • H 6064: Requires setting of Maximum Contaminant Levels for PFAS chemicals in drinking and surface water, and for monitoring of PFAS chemicals.

Vermont

  • Toxic Chemicals General, PFAS
    • S 37: Creates strict liability provisions to hold companies who release toxic chemicals accountable for costs of cleanup and medical monitoring, regardless of if the releases were intentional, unintentional, permitted, or unpermitted.
  • PFAS , Chemicals used in Cleaning, Cosmetics and Construction
    • H 98: Requires the State to report on management of landfill leachate containing PFAS and other chemicals of concern.
  • Food Packaging, PFAS
    • S 101: Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and distribution of food packaging containing PFAS if safer alternatives are found.
  • PFAS
    • H 263: Requires the State to regulate the discharge of PFAS and effluent containing PFAS to the surface waters of the state.

Washington

  • PFAS
    • HB 1143: Requires any entity who releases firefighting foam containing PFAS to notify the Department of Ecology and the division of emergency management within the state’s military department.
  • PFAS
    • HB 1831: Establishes regulatory framework to allow the State to set Maximum Contaminant Levels and require monitoring for PFAS chemicals and other contaminants.

Wisconsin

  • PFAS
    • AB 85 / SB 109: Requires state to set health-based groundwater standards for PFOA and PFOS contamination.
  • PFAS
    • LRB-2297/2: Directs Department of Natural Resources to establish and enforce standards for PFAS contamination, including for drinking water, groundwater, surface water, air, solid waste, beds of navigable waters, and soil and sediment, and including at a minimum PFOA, PFOS, PFHxS, PFNA, PFBS, PFHpA.
  • PFAS
    • LRB 2297/2: Requires the Department of Natural Resources to establish PFAS standards for drinking water, surface water, groundwater, soil, and air. Characterizes PFAs as a hazardous substance.
  • PFAS
    • LRB 3306/1: Prohibits the use of PFAS firefighting foam.
  • PFAS
    • SB302: Requires state to establish standards, monitoring requirements, and required response actions for any PFAS in drinking water, groundwater, surface water, air, solid waste, beds of navigable waters, and soil.

REFS

Published by Safer States, a network of diverse environmental health coalitions and organizations in states around the country that share a bold and urgent vision.

Safer States Website

PERSONAL REMARKS

  • Systematically exposed to PFAS for several decades through intentional dumping of chemicals by XXX while the company had knowledge of the health risks…..
  • Com’on America, What is this?

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