This review provides a summary of the development of different types of biomass and its components such as cellulose and lignin in 3D printing, brief data analysis and introduction to characterization methods of the 3D printed composites.
Mechanical properties such as tensile properties, Izod impact properties, and flexural properties, thermal properties and morphological properties of 3D-printed composites are discussed.
In addition, other available characterization methods of 3D-printed composites are reported.
The future direction of biomass and its derivatives in the field of 3D printing is also discussed.
Three-dimensional (3D) printing, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), is a process that makes physical components from 3D model data, by building the components layer by layer.
It can fabricate self-supporting 3D objects without molds with single or multiple materials in a short period of time.
`Early in the 1980s, Kodama reported a method to fabricate a 3D plastic model by layer-by-layer stacking with masks to form each photosynthesized layer, which was considered as the earliest reported 3D printing method and the prototype of stereolithography apparatus.
During the last few decades, 3D printing has evolved into various types to accommodate the printing of different species of materials.
Recent advances in computer technology have made 3D printing user-friendly.
Versatile properties of the printed structure are available based on the structure–processing–property relationship with diverse materials.
These advantages make 3D printing applicable in many fields such as aerospace, automotive, medical, architecture, and construction.
Plastics in the Circular Economy
19 June 2020 – Chemically Recycled Content, Recycling in US and Korea, Plastic Free Beauty Day
15 June 2020 – Chemical Recycling Commitments and Incentives, Deep Sea Plastic, Greece Plastic Ban, NY Composting
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