The National Development and Reform Commission of the People’s Republic of China, formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the economy.
“Opinions on Further Strengthening the Control of Plastic Pollution” was released on the 19th. Regarding the establishment of a long-term mechanism for the control of plastic pollution, a series of policy measures were put forward.
What is the background of the opinion? Compared with the previous policies related to plastic pollution control, what are the characteristics?
The person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission answered questions from reporters.
Q: What is the main background of the opinion?
Answer: Plastic is an important basic material and is widely used in social production and residents’ lives. Irregular production, use, and disposal of plastic will cause waste of resources and energy, bring pollution to the ecological environment, and even affect people’s health and safety.
With the change of production and lifestyle and the development of new business formats, the management of plastic pollution is facing new situations and challenges.
The consumption of plastic products, especially disposable plastic products, continues to rise; there is insufficient promotion and application of alternative products; insufficient cultivation of new governance models; Public awareness of plastic pollution control needs to be strengthened.
In order to further promote the construction of ecological civilization and promote high-quality development, it is necessary to strengthen overall planning and systematically carry out plastic pollution control.
Q: What is the general idea of opinions? What are the characteristics?
A: The opinions are based on the idea of “banning a batch, replacing a batch, standardizing a batch”, and put forward the task objectives of plastic pollution management in stages, and put forward corresponding management requirements and policy measures for different types of plastic products: orderly prohibition, restriction Production, sales and use of some plastic products; promotion of recyclable, easily recyclable and degradable alternative products; fostering the formation of new models of plastic weight reduction, green logistics and recycling; standardizing the recycling and disposal of plastic waste to reduce plastic waste Landfill amount.
Through systematic governance, we will promote the improvement of the management system for the production, distribution, consumption, and recycling of plastic products to form a multi-party co-governance system for plastic pollution.
Compared with the previous policies on plastic pollution control, opinions have the following characteristics:
The first is systemic.
Unlike previous policies, which only regulate individual links and individual fields, the policy measures proposed in this opinion basically cover the entire process and various links of plastic product production, circulation, use, recycling, and disposal, reflecting a system of full life cycle management.
The integrity and integrity are conducive to the establishment of a long-term mechanism for the management of plastic pollution.
The second is synergy.
The opinion not only puts forward the requirements for prohibition or restriction, but also clarifies the systemic measures such as promoting the application of alternative products, cultivating and optimizing new business models, increasing the supply of green products, and promoting the standard recovery and disposal of plastic waste.
Policy adjustments target both traditional areas and emerging areas such as e-commerce, express delivery, and takeaway.
While ensuring the accessibility of mission objectives, it also provides policy space for the formation of a new model of plastic pollution control.
The third is order.
The opinion fully considers the differences between regions and industries, distinguishes key cities, cities above the prefecture level, and relevant county-level cities.
According to the three time periods of 2020, 2022, and 2025, it adopts steps and areas to actively and steadily promote plastic pollution. Governance as a whole.
Q: The opinion puts forward a clear prohibition on the production, sales and use of some plastic products. What are the specific considerations?
Answer: To further strengthen the management of plastic pollution, we must first put forward management requirements for the production, sales, and use of plastic products in accordance with the principle of reduction in order to reduce the amount of plastic waste at its source. There are three main considerations when designing related prohibition measures.
First, in accordance with the principle of seeking truth from facts, select some plastic products that are currently in large use, relatively prominent, and strongly reflected in society, and take the lead in prohibiting or restricting production, sales, and use in some areas and regions.
Secondly, in accordance with the principle of orderly advancement, for conditions that are more mature, production and sales are completely banned; for those that need to be gradually promoted, the implementation steps of the prohibition measures are detailed in different time periods and different cities.
Third, in accordance with the principle of carefulness and pragmatism, timely update and release of the catalogue of bans on plastic products to refine the scope of bans and implementation standards.
Each region must further implement the detailed measures for fine-grained prohibition and control in accordance with the requirements of the opinion and in combination with local conditions.
It is important to point out that although the opinions have arranged the prohibition measures in accordance with the principle of soundness and order, in the specific implementation, it will inevitably affect the production of some industries and the convenience of residents’ lives.
The implementation of various measures requires the strong cooperation and support of all sectors of society.
Follow-up will follow up and analyze the implementation situation in various places and fields in a timely manner, actively listen to opinions and suggestions from all walks of life, and continue to deepen the work.
Q: How to ensure the effective implementation of the goals and objectives set out in the comments?
Answer: Plastic pollution control involves a wide range of fields and many subjects, and the problem is very complicated. The task of realizing various work goals is relatively arduous.
In order to ensure the effective implementation of the policy, we will focus on the following tasks.
The first is unswervingly and conscientiously implementing the new development concept. Establish a special working mechanism, strengthen overall planning and guide coordination.
All regions and departments should carefully organize arrangements, formulate specific implementation methods, and refine and refine policies and measures.
The second is to really hit the ground and pay close attention to the implementation of policies.
Opinions suggest that “strengthening the supervision and inspection of the implementation of plastic pollution treatment, and including key issues into the central ecological environmental protection supervision, and strengthen assessment and accountability.”
And make specific arrangements to strengthen the daily management and supervision and inspection of various industries, crack down on illegal production and sales and illegal emissions.
The third is to build consensus and promote the formation of green production and lifestyle.
Continue to strengthen publicity and guidance, increase the awareness of enterprises and the public about the dangers of plastic pollution and their enthusiasm for participating in the treatment of plastic pollution; encourage various industry associations and social organizations to conduct professional seminars and voluntary activities.
Published on baijiahao.baidu.com
Establishing a long-term mechanism for the management of plastic pollution——The person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission answered reporters’ questions on “Opinions on Further Strengthening the Control of Plastic Pollution